Net Asset Value is the market value of the assets of the scheme minus its liabilities. The per unit NAV is the net asset value of the scheme divided by the number of units outstanding on the Valuation Date.
Typically, NAV is calculated by summing the current market values of all securities held by the fund, adding in cash and any accrued income, then subtracting liabilities and dividing the result by the number of units outstanding.
Total Value of Securities (Equity, Bonds, Debentures etc.) INR1,000 Cash INR1,500 Liabilities INR500 Total outstanding units 100 NAV [(1000+1500-500)/100] INR20 per unit